The question that is raised in the readings that regards what we as a society were really fighting for in the cold war era is really thought provoking. The question raised is, were we fighting for freedom of thought or against it. This question is evident in McDuffie’s article in which he manifests that those who were in support of desegregation were seen by the public as a stepping stone towards communism. He states that this era’s suppression and discrimination towards African Americans and those of lower income created an “ideological vacuum”. This in simple terms means there was only one way of thinking and doing, and if you didn’t fit within that vacuum, then you were wrong. Additionally, the issue of segregation and the civil rights movement stemming from them put America at large in the middle of a divide. How could America be perceived as the free world when a large portion of its population wasn’t really free.