Sarantake argues that the creators of Star Trek utilized the platform to comment on a variety of social and political issues. For example, the episode “Mirror Mirror”, which premiered on 6 October 1967, is viewed as promoting the anti-Communist foreign policy present during the Johnson era. The episode depicts both the Federation peacefully leaving an undeveloped and pacifist planet and, in an alternate universe, exploiting its resources and unjustly killing the people. Overall, Sarantake asserts that the episode portrays “the anti-Enterprise as a dark, poorly lit place, whereas scenes aboard the original starship are much brighter” (Sarantake 83). The difference between evil and good is clearly illustrated, a goal of many US policymakers during the Cold War. The overall objective of the episode was to reveal that a capitalist and democratic country (the United States) is more respectable and more globally beneficial than its counterpart (the USSR). In turn, US foreign policy should reflect the idea that if an evil and destructive ideology is allowed to spread, the US has failed to protect and serve the global community.
Throughout history, science fiction has been utilized to critic certain aspects of society. Science fiction follows non-realistic subjects and creates a divide between the writing and the viewer/reader. In other words, the author is able to criticize sensitive topics without fear of unjustified and biased backlash. Many viewers are consciously unaware of the analysis because the story feels foreign and unfeasible. However, if the creator is successful, he/she will be able to expose certain downsides of society in a non-obvious manner and to convince the viewer of his/her argument. One example of writing that challenges political/cultural ideologies is the book 1984, a social science fiction novel. The book indirectly critics increased governmental control and surveillance on a society, a policy present throughout the world during the Cold War. Furthermore, the book proclaimed that 1984 would happen if man did not become aware of the assaults on his personal freedom and did not defend his most precious right, the right to have his own thoughts. Orwell was able to both reassert the strongly held ideology of freedom, while also critiquing the rise of authoritarian policies within the United States and calling upon the people to revolt against injustices.